İngilizce İzmir Karşıyakanın Tanıtımı konusu Sponsorlu Bağlantılar İzmir - İngilizce KarşıyakanınTanıtımı Karşıyaka is a district of İzmir Province in Turkey. It is part of the Greater Metropolitan Area of İzmir, in other words a metropolitan district, the second largest after Konak in terms of population, and it is almost entirely urbanized at the rate of 99,9 per cent, with corresponding high levels of development in terms of lifestyle and services. Karşıyaka extends for twelve kilometers along the northern and eastern coastline of the tip of the Gulf of İzmir. Its center is at a distance of 20 km (12 mi) to the north from the traditional center of entire İzmir, that is Konak Square in Konak at the opposite coast, and İzmir's central areas are of quicker and easier access from Karşıyaka by ferry, in fifteen minutes to half an hour to various quays located along the Gulf's southern coastline, rather than by land by going round the gulf's outlying coastline. Karşıyaka's district area neighbors the district areas of MenemenBornova to the east and Çiğli to the west, the last two also being among İzmir's metropolitan districts. Karşıyaka's overall level of education is recognized as being of the highest in Turkey and besides being an active venue of commerce, culturl and educational actitivies and tourism, Karşıyaka also boasts of an advanced urban culture of its own, centered around the cherished home team Karşıyaka SK, which commands a large and passionate fan base. Location The industrial zone bringing together principally firms of local-scale, exception made of the notable presence of Alaybey shipyard are located in the eastern part of Karşıyaka. The same eastern corner also covers a zone of sparse settlement around the locality called Soğukkuyu, originally a seaside village of semi-nomadic Turkmens (Yörüks) made to settle here in the 19th century, and to the north is a large forest area. Karşıyaka center is connected to İzmir center by a busy schedule of railways, roads, and commuter ferries, works for the extension of İzmir's subway line to Karşıyaka currently being carried out at a rapid pace, and there are also good road links to Menemen and Aliağa to the north, to reach Çanakkale in north-west Turkey, and beyond. Originally a hamlet, then a remote suburb of İzmir in the 19th century, Karşıyaka became much larger and grew in stature in the 1960s when its waterfront developed as a prosperous residential neighbourhood. Climate and environment Karşıyaka bears the general charactristics of the Mediterranean climate zone. It is rainy in winter and hot in summer. As it is the case for İzmir's entire coastline, Karşıyaka benefits on a daily basis from the famous north-west wind called "imbat", because of which ships in the Gulf of İzmir will always be anchored in a northwest-southeast position, and which cools the city during summer days. Administration The urban zone of Karşıyaka is divided into 43 officially constituted neighborhoods, and the district also counts two depending villages, Sancaklı and Yamanlar, the last being located near the summit of the mountain of the same name, Mount Yamanlar, which towers over Karşıyaka and the Gulf. Karşıyaka is a stronghold of the social-democrats. Currently, the municipality is administered by Cevat Durak of the CHP (Republican People's Party). 35½ and Karşıyaka S.K. Karşıyaka SK is the sports club of Karşıyaka. It is also called "KSK", and locally as Kaf Sin Kaf, following the initials in Arabic script since the club's past dates back to Ottoman times. The club has a large and very passionate fan base. Although its football team is presently in the second level of the Turkish football league system, it still represents İzmir's strongest bid for the Süper Lig. Karşıyaka S.K.'s basketball and volleyball branches, known respectively as Pınar Karşıyaka and Karşıyaka DYO by the name of their sponsors, are leading contenders in their fields. The club also has cue sports, bowling, motorcycle, tennis, sailing and swimming divisions. The district's overall level of education is one of the highest in Turkey and Karşıyaka boasts of an advanced urban culture. The locals are highly conscious of their values and view their district as a special place in a mindset centered around Karşıyaka's notable past and present, as well as around the red and green colors of their sports club. Sometimes with a touch of humor, but also sometimes more seriously, they immatriculate their cherished district of Karşıyaka as 35½, as opposed to İzmir's 35. Economy Karşıyaka is deeply associated with commerce, construction of residences, education and literature, and is a prized area for pensioners, not only in the scale of İzmir but also from across Turkey as a whole. A total of 220,000 residences make up the urban area and the average yearly increase of the district population is 2.3 per cent. The district area having been almost entirely built up, Karşıyaka today acts principally as a residential center for the workforce of İzmir's industry and services, who generally commute for work to neighboring Çiğli and Bornova, Alsancak across the gulf, or even to locations further afield like KemalpaşaManisa. The share of agriculture and industry in its economy is in constant decrease, while Karşıyaka's tourism potential remains an open field. Coastal strait is the wealthier part of Karşıyaka and it is here that residents of long date are generally concentrated. The neighborhoods located along the slopes are poorer, with slum-type residences in parts, and these continue receiving flows of immigration, especially from Turkey's Eastern Anatolia Region. The district counts a total of 11,570 enterprises, 207 of which are identified as industrial firms, and 3,180 categorized under commerce. Nine industrial companies have full or partial foreign capital and 143 commercial establishments in Karşıyaka are registered exporters. There are eighteen banks providing services through 61 branches in Karşıyaka, and a handful of hotels with a total bed capacity of 180. There is one teacher for 24 students and one doctor for 1,127 patients overall. The literacy rate is very high at 92 per cent. An environment of urban consciousness also favored the foundation of a high number of professional organizations in varied fields in Karşıyaka, ranging from trade (such as KASİAD, BESİAD, BOGİAD) to education, usually centered around teachers or alumni of the district's rooted institutions.